When it comes to constructing or refinishing you residential roofing, you may not realize how many different types of materials are available. The decision can seem overwhelming, but certain materials have certain benefits that will best suit you and your property. Though asphalt shingling is the most common roofing type, roofing companies can offer you asphalt, ceramic tile, slate, wood, and metal material.
Here are the most common types of roofing:
Since they are more economic, and easier to install for roofing contractors, asphalt shingles are the most common roofing material in The United States and many other countries.
Asphalt shingles are durable, relatively inexpensive, and are suitable for a wide range of temperatures, making them a good choice for places with 4 seasons. They are also easier to install and provide reliable waterproofing. Along with their functional benefits, they come in a variety of colors and styles, so you can easily match your roof to your tastes.
The durability of asphalt shingles, somewhere like Chicago with temperature extremes, is reasonable, from around 15-20 years. Some downsides to asphalt is that dark shingles are prone to fading and color inconsistencies with time, and algae growth can cause black markings. However, there are options for algae-resistant shingles that contain copper and prevent unwanted growth of algae, helping your roof look great for longer.
Ceramic roofing tiles
If you want something more unique for your home, ask your roofing company about ceramic roofing tiles. These tiles are also fireproof, resistant to fading, and very durable, often lasting from 50-70 years.
Ceramic tile for residential roofing is often used for homes that use design elements from Spanish architecture. Roofing contractors install the tiles in parallel rows, so they overlap and keep out water. A disadvantage to ceramic roofing tiles is that they are not as suitable for fluctuating climates or places with extreme weather, as they can erode with the elements. As well, they are more fragile and can break when put under stress, such as high winds or walking on the rooftop, so they could require more frequent roof repair.
Slate roof shingles
For a more elegant and sophisticated look from your roofing material, you may consider slate roof shingles. The obvious advantages are the natural appearance, resistance to rot and fire, ease of maintenance and unbeatable durability of around 100 years. Slate is also available in an incredible variety of styles and colors.
The downside to slate tiles is that they are much heavier, and more expensive than most tiles. As well, they must be installed by more experienced roofers, so you need to ensure your roofing company is familiar with slate tile installation. Additionally, slate tiles should not be walked on, as they break with body weight, which can complicate gutter cleaning and rooftop maintenance.
Wood shakes and cedar shingles
There are many benefits to using cedar shake for your residential roofing. First, they are reliable in any climate, withstand UV damage, and stand up well to extreme weather. Roofing companies may recommend this tile type in regions with frequent thunderstorms or hurricane risks. A fire-resistant coating can also be applied before the roofing contractors install them.
In addition to their durability, wood shake shingles are a more eco-friendly residential roofing choice. Many times they are produced from recycled materials, and/or are harvested in a sustainable manner making them more green. As well, they have a lower impact on water quality from runoff, and last for around 30 years, further reducing their impact and making them a environmentally responsible investment.
To make a good thing better, cedar roofing is insulating, helping to lower heating and cooling needs, saving you money and lowering your carbon footprint. Disadvantages include difficult installation and higher costs, but if you hire a roofing company with a roofing contractor experienced in wood shake, then you do not need to worry. As well, savings in roof replacement and the energy efficiency will get you a return on your investment.
Metal roofs are becoming more viable and more popular for residential roofing. They are lightweight, low maintenance, and environmentally friendly. A disadvantage is their difficult installation and the need for roofers experienced specifically in metal roofing.
Metal roofs lose their shine with time, however, they can often simply be repainted, as long as the roof structure is still in good shape, saving you money on roof replacement.